Ocean Freight Transportation to Germany
In 2014, Germany's trade surplus was $285 billion USD, the world's highest. It is the third-largest exporter in the world. The service sector and industry are among the largest components of its GDP. Its top exports include vehicles, machinery, electronics, pharmaceuticals, and rubber and plastics. Germany's imports are also major. In 2014, it bought $1.218 trillion USD worth of imported products. Crude oil and natural gas are chief among these.
The vast majority of German companies are small and medium-sized enterprises, mostly family-owned. Fifty of the Fortune Global 500 companies have their headquarters in Germany. The country is made for business. All entrepreneurs interested in the European market should want to learn more about ocean freight transportation to Germany.
Full Container (FCL) or Groupage (LCL)
When planning to a shipment to Germany, you'll be faced with two options. Your shipping volume may call for a full container load (FCL) or you may be able to use a shared container (less-than-container load, or LCL).
If your shipping volume comes to at least six standard pallets, a full container load (FCL) is your best choice. A 20-foot container will allow you to ship up to 10 standard pallets; a 40-foot container accommodates 22 standard pallets. FCL is also best if you wish your goods to remain isolated from those of other exporters. After you've reviewed iContainers' rates for the shipment of containers to Germany, contact us for more information.
There are two types of pallets available for Ocean Freight shipments: Standard (1.2m/47 ¼" X 1m/39 3/8") and Euro (1.2m/47 ¼" X .8m/31 ½".)
It is important to know which pallets you are using and if your cargo is stackable in order to calculate your shipping charge.
Ocean Freight Routes to Germany
When it comes to exporting to Germany, Bremen and Hamburg are ports of particular importance.
- Port of Hamburg Located 110 kilometres from the mouth of the Elbe into the North Sea, Hamburg is the second-largest container port in Europe. This port features almost 300 berths along more than 26 miles of quay walls for seagoing vessels, four state-of-the-art container terminals, and around 50 facilities that specialize in handling project shipments and bulk cargoes. This is why it is one of the world's most flexible, high-performance universal ports. Last year, it handled nearly 9.7 million standard containers (TEU).
- Ports of Bremen These ports serve both Bremen and Bremerhaven, and are managed by Bremenports GmbH & Co. KG, a private company that manages public funds and property. These ports are among the most important in Europe.
The terminals in Bremen and Bremerhaven handle almost all kinds of freight. They are extremely well-connected and managed. Almost 80 percent of all freight comes through Bremerhaven, which focuses on container vessels, car carriers and fruit carriers. Bremen specializes in handling conventional general cargo and heavy lift, as well as bulk cargo.
Rates for Air Transportation to Germany
Depending on your needs, air freight may be more appropriate for you than ocean freight; this is especially so if you're on a tight schedule and your shipment must be on time. Air freight imposes some limitations in terms of volume and weight; iContainers provides a calculator to help you determine whether this is the right option for you.