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The DAT Incoterm or “Delivered at Terminal” replaces the now outdated DES Incoterm (Delivery at Ship) and DEQ Incoterm (Delivered at Quay) rules, which appeared in the previous Incoterms edition, Incoterms 2000.
The DAT Incoterm states that the seller deliver the goods to a cargo terminal when dealing with an ocean freight shipment and/or at a hub for air or ground transportation.
In other words, DAT requires the seller to place the goods that have been unloaded from the vessel but not yet cleared by customs clearance, at the destination country’s terminal, port, or airport.
Under the DAT Incoterm, the seller is responsible for all costs and risks up to the unloading of goods at the terminal. This means that the buyer will be responsible for processing the clearance of the goods, all duties, taxes and any other charges that may be added at this stage.
Delivery of goods and documents required
Packaging and wrapping
Inland transport in the country of origin
Customs at origin
Inland transport at the destination country until specified terminal/port
Payment of the goods
Customs on arrival (depending on arrival location)
Payment of fees
Final transportation from terminal/port to delivery
Do not confuse the DAT Incoterm with the DAP Incoterm, which are very similar.
Even though both Incoterms require the buyer/importer to handle all import fees, there are some key differences to be aware of:
Under the DAT Incoterm, delivery place must be at a terminal, such as a quay, warehouse, container yard, or road, rail, or air cargo terminal, depending on the mode of transportation.
Under the DAP Incoterms delivery place could be anywhere within the destination country, even beyond the terminal.
Under the DAT Incoterm, the buyer/exporter must unload the goods at the terminal of the destination country.
Under the DAP Incoterm, the importer must unload the goods at the previously-agreed upon place of destination.
If you’re still unclear on the differences between the DAP Incoterm and the DAT Incoterm, do get in touch. Our imports and exports agents can advice you on which incoterm best suits your shipping needs.