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What does Mexico import?

Updated on 02 Jan 2024
2 min read
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What does Mexico import?

With $380 billion worth of imports in 2016, Mexico ranked as the 12th-largest importing country in the world. That year, its exports totalled $373B, which resulted in a negative trade balance of $6.62B.

Its top three import categories include machines, transportation, and plastic and rubbers. These make up 56.9% of total imports. Further breaking that down, we have:

  • Vehicle parts: $22.6B (5.9%)
  • Refined petroleum: $18B (4.7%)
  • Integrated circuits: $13.7B (3.6%)
  • Computers: $10.7B (2.8%)

Machines remain its most imported product category, increasing from 34% in 2007 to 39% in 2016.

Mexico’s economy today

Mexico is no longer the closed economy it was three decades ago. Its landscape has evolved and the country has opened up following the North American free-trade agreement in 1994. Today, nearly 50% of its total imports come from its northern neighbors - 47% from the US and 2.5% from Canada.

Across the Atlantic, nearly a third of its European imports originate from Germany (30%), followed by Italy (12%) and Spain (9.7%).

Farther east in the orient, Asian giants China makes up over half (53%) of its total imports from the continent. This is followed by Japan (14%) and South Korea (10%).

Mexico has gone from being one of the most closed markets in the world, to being the country that has free-trade deals with more countries than any other. Mexico has become the champion of trade.

- Duncan Wood, director of the Mexico Institute at the Wilson Center in Washington, D.C.

**Looking at the past decade, Mexican imports have grown a whopping 47.9% since 2007’s $257 billion. **Despite a trend of currency depreciation since the financial crisis, Mexico’s economy has grown rather impressively. It saw a dip when the financial crisis hit but recovered in 2011 and has been holding steady since 2014, with an increase of 1 - 2% in real GDP ever since. Its finance ministry is forecasting a growth of between 2 - 3% this year and 2.5 - 3.5% in 2019.

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Here’s a look at Mexico’s imports over the past decade


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