Turkey is a Eurasian republic bordering eight countries as well as the Black, Aegean, and Mediterranean Seas. Turkey lies at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, and is among the founding members of the OECD and the G-20 major economies. It has the world’s 18th-largest nominal GDP. It’s a smart idea to explore the business possibilities that can open up when you export from the US to Turkey.

Turkey is considered one of the world’s newly industrialized countries. It is among the world’s leading producers of agricultural products, textiles, motor vehicles, and home appliances.

The Turkish economy expanded by 9.2 percent in 2010, and 8.5 percent in 2011, making it the fastest-growing economy in Europe, and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. If you’re interested in exciting emerging markets, learn more about how to export from the US to Turkey.

Full Container (FCL) or Groupage (LCL)

Your shipping volume can help determine the most suitable container choice when you are shipping a container to Turkey.

If your volume is equal to at least half a container (six standard pallets or more), then a full container load (FCL) will be your best option. A 20-foot container accommodates 10 standard pallets, while a 40-foot container can carry 22 standard pallets.

Regardless of shipping volume, FCL is also your best option if you want to avoid any potential damage to your goods that could be caused by contact with those of other exporters.

If this is not a concern and your shipment is small, you may want to opt for groupage-a shared container (less-than-container load, or LCL). That requires you to pay only for the space you need. Please talk to iContainers for rates and other information.

Ocean Freight Routes to Turkey

  • Port of Gemlik
    Gemport is one of the most important ports in the Turkish maritime sector. As well as the container services that are its main business, Gemport is a crucial exportation port for the automotive sector’s giants in the Marmara region. It features four piers with drafts of between 39 and 118 feet. Its container storage capacity is 600,000 TEUs.

  • Port of Ambarli
    Ambarli is the largest port in Turkey. Ambarli Port Facilities Trade Company Inc. (ALTAS) is the port authority.

    • In 2011, Marport, the Port of Ambarli’s main container terminal, handled over 1.5 million TEUs of containerized cargo. Marport consists of the Marport Main Terminal, Marport West Terminal, and Marport East Terminal (Piers 1, 2, and 3 of the Limar Kumport Terminal). The terminals offer reefer services and hazardous container services.
    • The Port of Ambarli’s Kumport Terminal has a total of 6,824 feet of berths. In 2011, this terminal welcomed 1,919 vessels carrying 844 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo and 237,000 tons of general cargo. This terminal covers a total area of nearly 99 acres and has the capacity to handle 1.7 million TEUs per year. There are yard slots for 8,994 TEUs, a 2.5-acre container freight station, and 1.7 acres of warehouses.
  • Port of Haydarpasa
    This is a general cargo seaport, RORO, and container terminal, situated in Haydarpasa, Istanbul at the southern entrance to the Bosphorus. The port is operated by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD), and is the biggest container port in the Marmara Region; with an annual cargo volume exceeding sixty-six million tons, it is also Turkey’s third-biggest port.

  • Port of Mersin
    This is Turkey’s largest port. It is owned by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD), while the PSA-Akfen consortium has the concession to manage the port. The railway infrastructure within the Port of Mersin is one of the best in Turkey. Containers can be handled without shunting. Five of the berths have railway connections, where loading/unloading to/from vessels can be done directly. The port has bulk cargo, container, RORO and oil terminals.

Air Freight Transportation to Turkey

If you are working against a short deadline or your shipment is urgent, you should explore air freight. This does come with some limitations on shipments in terms of volume and weight; iContainers provides a calculator to help you determine whether this is the right option for you.