The US Customs and Border Protection, or CBP, is responsible for regulating international trade that goes in and out of the US. This includes collecting import duties, and enforcing regulations related to trade, customs, and immigration.
When this happens, the costs for the exam and any fees incurred falls under the responsibility of the shipper. It is important to know the types of US customs inspections and holds you may be subjected to.
When your container is being held, delay fees will be applicable. These include row fees, demurrage fees (per day), shifting fees, and admin fees.
When CBP tags your container for an inspection, they will conduct a customs exam to decide if they should confiscate or release the cargo.
The containers are scanned using an X-ray machine at the terminal. Once the photos are examined, customs authorities will either release the container or tag it for an additional exam.
The container is inspected at the pier. A customs officer breaks the container seal and physically inspects the shipment. If everything is determined to be correct, they will either release the container or send it for a final exam.
The entire container is taken to a Customs Exam Site (CES), where it is emptied of its contents by an authorized agent. The shipment will then be separated by parcels and boxes to prepare for a full inspection of the cargo by a customs officer.
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